Comprehensive Eye Exams
We place a strong emphasis on routine eye exams. On average, we recommend scheduling an appointment once every two years to ensure your eyes are remaining healthy. If you have been diagnosed with an eye condition, however, we recommend scheduling an appointment once or twice a year depending on the severity.
During your appointment, we will review your patient history, visual acuity, perform preliminary tests, and evaluate your eyes’ overall health.
Cataracts cause a clouding of the lens in the eye, making your vision appear to be foggy. Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over 40 and are the leading cause of blindness in the world.
Your eyes are meant to naturally adjust to normal light changes, adjust focus, and allow us to see both near and far. Your lens is primarily made up of water and proteins. The proper arrangement of these proteins is what contributes to normal vision. Some of these proteins clump together forming a clouding of the lens.
During the initial stages, cataracts start small and have little to no effect on your vision. As the cataract progresses, the lens becomes more opaque and objects appear blurry, hazy or faded in color. During your appointment, we will discuss the various treatment options available.
Diabetic Eye Care
While it’s true that the primary symptom of diabetes is high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), it can lead to many other problems throughout the body, including wreaking havoc on your eyes. Some of the most common eye conditions caused by hyperglycemia are cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when the tiny blood vessels in your eyes become damaged by the high blood sugar levels over time.
- Keep blood sugar under control by maintaining a healthy diet low in sugar and refined carbohydrates and high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein
- Keep cholesterol in check by eating a heart-healthy diet low in saturated fats
- See your ophthalmologist at least once each year so that any developing eye conditions can be caught early and treated
- Have your A1c checked every few months, if possible, and try to keep it at or below 7%
- High blood pressure (hypertension) is also prevalent amongst those with diabetes and should be kept below 130/80 to prevent additional problems with your vision caused by damaged blood vessels
It is important to be aware of any changes to your vision. Contact your ophthalmologist right away if you notice any of the following:
- Blurry vision
- Flashes of light
- Black spots or “floaters”
- Loss of sight in one or both eyes
Kuriachan Eye Institute is proud to offer dry eye treatment for our patients. Ocular Surface Disease, also known as dry eye, can occur from certain medications, naturally by aging, or as a symptom arising from systemic diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome, Rheumatoid arthritis, or Lupus. If you have a minor case of dry eye, you may be experiencing irritation, excessive tearing, fluctuating vision, and/or a burning sensation in your eyes. Excessive dry eyes, or dry eye symptoms that go untreated, have the potential to damage eye tissue, scar your corneas, and impair your vision.
If you have any questions about dry eye or would like to be seen, please don’t hesitate to call us today at (469) 886-8888!
Your eyelids play an important role in protecting your eyes from the environment around you. If you have eyelid issues, your eyelids might obstruct your vision or expose your eye to abrasions. For compassionate care and the best eyelid correction, visit Vipin Kuriachan, MD at Kuriachan Eye Institute in Irving, Texas. Find out what the team can do for your eye health by booking a consultation over the phone or online.
Glaucoma occurs from damage to the eye’s optic nerve and can often lead to loss of vision and blindness if not treated correctly. To detect glaucoma, Dr. Kuriachan will perform a complete eye exam and do glaucoma testing to determine if you have it, the severity of it, and what can be done to manage it to preserve your sight.
Treatments can include but are not limited to:
- Various types of eye drops
- Laser Procedures done in the office
- Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Procedures done in the operating room
If you have a family history of glaucoma, have been told of high eye pressures in the past, or are over 65 years of age, you do need to be evaluated for glaucoma as those are all risk factors to get it.
Macular degeneration is a deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside layer of the eye that records the images we see and sends them through the optic nerve from the eye to the brain for processing. The macula, or the center of the retina, is responsible for focusing central vision in the eye and controls our ability to see and process information.
To detect whether or not you may be suffering from macular degeneration, we perform a variety of macular tests and will determine your prognosis during your appointment.
There are times when you may need immediate care for your eyes. Any time that you experience trauma to your eyes, you need to be seen. If you get anything in your eye, especially chemicals and foreign objects, you should be seen immediately to limit the potential damage to the eye.
Over 90% of ocular injuries can be prevented and occur in and around the home. You can avoid injury by using the appropriate protective eyewear while doing activities that put your eyes at risk and by following proper protocols for safety. Home repairs, gardening, house cleaning, cooking, and playing sports are all common situations that can put you at risk for major eye injuries.
Symptoms of ocular injuries will vary depending on the type of injury but may include eye pain, redness, or discomfort during eye movement.
Treatment for eye trauma also varies based on the severity and type of injury. It is best to see an ophthalmologist for an evaluation following any form of eye trauma. All chemical injuries or severe trauma due to impact require immediate medical attention. Minor injuries such as a black eye may be treated at home with a cold compress and rest but should still be examined by a professional.