Cataracts are an extremely common condition, affecting 90% of people by the age of 65. Cataracts cause cloudy vision and can even lead to blindness if left untreated. Cataract surgery is a safe option to treat cataracts and restore vision. Vipin Kuriachan, MD is an expert in cataract surgery at his practice, Kuriachan Eye Institute, in Irving, Texas. Find out if cataract surgery is right for you by booking an appointment by phone or online today.
The lens of your eye sits right behind your iris and pupil. It’s normally crystal clear. It bends and focuses the light that comes into your eye, directing it to your retina to help you see clearly. Cataracts occur when the natural lens in your eye gets cloudy.
Your eye’s lens is made of water and proteins. As you age, the proteins can clump together and make the lens cloudy. The clumps grow over time and eventually impact your vision, leading to blindness.
Cataracts are common in people over the age of 40, but treatment is available to prevent blindness and improve sight. Cataract surgery is a simple procedure to replace the natural lens with an artificial lens to give you clearer vision.
Cataracts develop slowly, and you may not notice changes in your vision at first. As your lens gets cloudier, the following symptoms can appear:
It’s important to get regular eye exams, whether or not you notice signs of cataracts. Identifying cataracts early means you’ll have better sight and healthier eyes with proper care.
Cataract surgery is often a good option for people whose daily lives are affected due to cataracts whether it be blurry vision, difficulty doing up close tasks, driving at night, etc. It’s a safe outpatient procedure that typically takes less than 30 minutes.
During the surgery, Dr. Kuriachan numbs your eye. He makes a small incision on the front of your eye and removes the clouded lens. Then, he inserts the artificial lens, called an intraocular lens (IOL).
Your eye may take up to eight weeks to heal. In the first few days, it may feel sore or itchy. Be sure to follow Dr. Kuriachan’s directions after surgery to minimize infection and promote healing.
After cataract surgery, 90% of patients can see more clearly. Depending on your eyes and vision prescription, Dr. Kuriachan will discuss the best IOL option for you. Learn more here.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology provides a great summary of what you can expect: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-cataract-surgery.
In addition to giving you a clear lens, IOLs and cataract surgery can improve the sharpness of your vision. The following IOLs are available to meet a wide range of eyes and needs.
Monofocal IOLs are traditional artificial lenses used in cataract surgery. A monofocal IOL corrects cloudy vision, but you may still have to wear glasses or contact lenses to correct nearsightedness or farsightedness.
Multifocal IOLs give you a clear lens and decrease the need for reading glasses. This lens works with your eye to help you see at a distance and close up. Some people notice a sensitivity to glare with multifocal IOLs.
Accommodating IOLs are premium lenses that have the power to improve your vision close up and far away. With this lens, you may not need to wear glasses for close-up tasks like reading or working on the computer.
Toric IOLs correct astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness. Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is irregularly shaped, and it impacts the clarity of vision. The toric lens contains different corrective powers in different areas to improve your vision.
At Kuriachan Eye Institute, cataract surgery is safe and effective. Get clearer vision with Dr. Kuriachan’s help. Schedule a consultation online or by phone to get started.