Glaucoma is an eye condition that slowly damages your optic nerve. Catching the condition early helps prevent serious vision loss, but glaucoma often shows no warning signs. To keep your eyes healthy long-term, regular eye exams are crucial. Vipin Kuriachan, MD and his team at Kuriachan Eye Institute offer comprehensive eye care and glaucoma treatment to patients in Irving, Texas. Call the office, or book online to learn more.
Glaucoma is a term used for a number of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve is critical for vision because it transmits signals from the eye to the brain. With glaucoma, pressure builds up in the eye and harms the optic nerve, impairing sight over time.
The two most common types of glaucoma are open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma.
If you have open-angle glaucoma, fluid doesn’t drain from your eye as it should. A clogged drain can lead to fluid build-up inside your eye. An excess fluid exerts pressure on your optic nerve, causing glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is painless but can lead to blindness over time.
In angle-closure glaucoma, your eye’s iris blocks the drainage angle. Fluid can’t drain, and pressure builds inside the eye. If the angle gets completely blocked, you may experience an acute attack. However, most people with angle-closure glaucoma develop the condition over time.
With glaucoma, there are often no early symptoms. You may not notice vision loss until the condition is in advanced stages, which makes it more difficult to treat. To protect your eyes from glaucoma vision loss, it’s important to have regular comprehensive eye exams.
Anyone can develop glaucoma, but some people are more likely to develop the condition than others. You may be at increased risk for glaucoma if you:
Vision loss associated with glaucoma can’t be reversed. However, early diagnosis can stop the progression of glaucoma and save your vision. To prevent glaucoma and vision loss, get regular eye exams, and follow the doctor’s recommendations for keeping your eyes healthy.
If you have glaucoma, the first stage of treatment often includes eye drops. Eye drops can lower the pressure in your eyes by promoting fluid drainage to prevent optic nerve damage. Oral medications can also bring down eye pressure.
Surgery for glaucoma, including laser therapy, can open clogged drainage channels in your eye to reduce eye pressure. Other surgeries can add drainage tubes or remove blockages in the eyes to minimize eye pressure.
Find the best glaucoma care and treatment options at Kuriachan Eye Institute. To make an appointment for an eye exam, book online, or call the office today.